Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain
TMJ pain is a complex painful pathology that requires an exhaustive preliminary study of the patient to find the best treatment. Currently one of the most common consultations of our patients is TMJ pain.
The patient usually reports that the auricular region, the temples and the neck hurt. This discomfort is usually associated with nocturnal teeth grinding (bruxism or dental clenching), the shape of the maxillary bone or the position of the teeth. A correct diagnosis is essential to properly treat this pathology.
It is necessary to rule out whether this pain is related to temporomandibular joint compromised syndrome (CAT). This syndrome occurs when the jaw does not have enough anatomical space to carry out its function. The treatment of this pathology must be customized for each patient.
The origin of temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) requires treatment.
The realization of an adequate clinical history, an exhaustive exploration of the patient combined with image tests (3D radiology), help in TMJ’s diagnosis and treatment.
The use of a dental splint is usually the first advisable treatment in TMJ dysfunction. The dental splint is a (plastic) resin device that adapts to the teeth. It properly positions the jaw and provides protection or acts as a physical barrier for the teeth to prevent dental fracture. The treatment permits the dentist to check the proper functioning of the splint with time.
Other treatments include:
the use of muscle relaxants and physiotherapy
or botulism toxin.